pain in the abdomen ovarian cancer

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Ovarian cancer is on the rise and we have to know how to spot the symptoms of it. One problem that we have is that people are not aware of the signs of cancer. The truth is that often times it can be very hard to distinguish something that is cancer related for something that is just infection related. But there are some telltale signs of ovarian cancer that you have to know about. Hopefully this article will help you but also your understanding and learning should not stop here. Look to medical journals and doctors to give you the complete information on ovarian cancer.

Like all cancers you should be on the lookout for changes in the body. Cancer typically attacks the immune system or more more so the immune system tries to attack cancer by raising white blood cells. When this happened certain things happen in the body. You might notice lumps in the body, you might notice a butterfly rash on the face which are signs of white blood cells trying to fight off infection and other things that harm the body. With ovarian cancer specifically it causes pain in the lower abdominal region, bloating, pressure in the abdomen where the ovaries are located. So if you're having pain in that area you should see your doctor.

So as you can see, we can't give you all of the information because it varies from person to person. If you believe that you have this disease you should consult your doctor, you should consult with medical journals and other medical publications to get a deeper understanding of this condition. This is just an introduction to this topic, it is very topical information, and it should be extended with information from medical resources. Good luck to you and you learning more about this condition.

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bleeding between periods may be cervical cancer

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Many cancers have symptoms but these symptoms often do not get noticed until it is too late. Prevention is the best way to fight cancer but knowing what to look for regarding various cancers is a great way to stay on top of your health.

Cervical cancer affects many women and at its earliest stages does not have obvious symptoms. Still, there are changes in your body that you should take note of and mention on your next visit to your doctor. While they may be harmless, they could develop into obvious symptoms which indicate cervical cancer.

These symptoms include bleeding in between periods. Sometimes bleeding after intercourse or after menopause are also signs that cervical cancer may be present.

An abnormal discharge that is pink or watery is another early sign that points to cervical cancer. Pain during intercourse within the pelvic region can also mean that something is wrong. 

Many times the above symptoms are not connected to the presence of cancer in the body. But, if anything happens which seems odd for you, you should take note of it and speak to your doctor. The most important thing to do is pay attention to your body. You know what is normal for you and what is not.

More advanced stages of cervical cancer are often accompanied by weight loss, fatigue, leg pain and swelling. Back pain is also common. These happen when cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

If any of these symptoms occur, it is important to consult with a doctor right away. While cancers of any type can be difficult to prevent even with a healthy lifestyle, the sooner they are detected the better the prognosis usually is. Note any changes in your body and always get a Pap smear once a year.

 

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Cancer is an abnormal proliferation of cells, and in this case such proliferation occurs in the cervix. Although it may extend mainly vagina, uterus fastening systems, lymph nodes and rectum.

Cervical cancer is ​​the third most common cancer in women in the world, although its frequency varies from one country to another, there are over 520,000 new cases annually. Most often it appears in people over 54 years, but it has been observed that in recent years increasingly affecting younger women.

Depending on the stage of the cancer, there are several options of treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy and various types of surgery), which will be selected by your oncologist or specialist to get the best results.



Treatment options for cervical cancer

Conization

The conization involves removing a piece of cone shaped tissue in the place where the abnormality is found. Conization can be used to remove a piece of tissue for biopsy, but can also be used for the treatment of early cancer of the cervix.

Electrosurgical excision

Another option is a physician's procedure called Loop Electrosurgical Excision (LEEP, acronym) to remove the abnormal tissue. LEEP uses an electrical current passed through a thin wire loop that serves as a blade.

Hysterectomy

The Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the cervix and uterus are removed. If the uterus is removed through the vagina, the operation is called a vaginal hysterectomy. If it is removed by a cut (incision) in the abdomen, the operation is called a total abdominal hysterectomy. Sometimes the ovaries and fallopian tubes also are removed; This procedure is called a bilateral salpingo - oophorectomy. The radical hysterectomy removes not only the cervix and the uterus but also a part of the vagina along with the lymph nodes of the region (a procedure is called lymph node dissection).

Radiotherapy

Radiation therapy is the treatement of cancer by using radiation (high-energy X-rays) to destroy cancer cells and shrinking tumors. This may be an external radiation therapy using a device outside the body or can be an internal radiation therapy using radioisotopes (radiation producing materials) into the area where cancer cells are. Radiotherapy may be used alone or in addition to surgery.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer by using drugs to eliminate the cancer cells. It can be administered in pill or can be deposited into the body through a needle inserted into the vein. Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy because the drug goes through the whole body via the bloodstream and kill cancer cells wherever they are.

Treatment options by stage

Stage 0

Cervical cancer stage 0 (carcinoma in situ). This stage has the highest chance of cure. The treatment options are:

- Conization
- Laser surgery (use of a beam of intense light to destroy cancerous cells)
- Cryosurgery (removal of cancer by freezing)
- LEEP
- Vaginal hysterectomy or total abdominal hysterectomy if the patient can not or does not want to have children.

Stage I

Depending on how far the normal tissue has been invaded by the tumor cells, there are different options:

Stage IA

- Conization
- Total abdominal hysterectomy or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy but usually not in younger women.
- When cancer cells have deeply invaded from 3 to 5 millimeters, the treatment will be radical hysterectomy in addition to lymph node dissection.
- Internal radiation therapy.

Stage IB

- Radiation therapy (internal and external).
- Radical hysterectomy and lymph node dissection.
- Radical hysterectomy and lymph node dissection, followed by radiation therapy plus chemotherapy.
- Radiation therapy in addition to chemotherapy.

Stage II

Stage IIA

- Same treatment options as with Stage IB.

Stage IIB

- Radiation therapy (internal and external) in addition to chemotherapy.

Stage III

- Radiation therapy (internal and external).
- Chemotherapy.

Stage IV

- Same treatment options as with Stage III.


Recurrent cervical cancer

- Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy.
- Chemotherapy to relieve the cancer symptoms.

 

References

1- http://www.drjenniferashton.com/cervical-cancer-treatment-options/ -- The treatment options for cervical cancer in pregnant and non-pregnant women.

2- http://www.drjenniferashton.com/cervical-cancer-stages/ -- Overview of the cervical cancer staging.

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